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Defining Objectives & Purpose of Master Plan

Master plan is a long term planning, generally for 20 years. It is also a comprehensive planning for service area as per likely spread of city in next 20 years. It describes all works required in next 20 years in phased manner. The designs and estimates are prepared approximately. It finalizes some of the main parameters so that advance action can be taken. The detailed project report (DPR) is then prepared for phase 1 works. At present the general practice is to prepare master plan for urban towns, however these master plans address town planning aspects including land use but does not include Infrastructure master plan for each sector. As such separate master plan for each sector is required. Master Plan should be updated say every 5 years.

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City Development Plan

combines all sector master plans i.e. master plan of water supply, sewerage, drainage, solid waste management and traffic management etc. Pre feasibility report and feasibility report are the stages of project preparation before detailed project report. The detailed project report is also referred as detailed engineering report.


Master Plan Preparation Process

  • Review of Existing Scenario
  • Service level Target fixation
  • Demand  projections,  Demand gap  analyses etc.
  • Future status of  low cost sanitation and sewerage ,
  • Location of STP, process of treatment, effluent disposal system, land requirement,
  • Location  and no of SPS, size of land required,
  • sewerage zones,
  • Alignment and size of outfall and trunk sewers,
  • Broad costs,
  • Feasibility Analysis on environmental, financial, economical and social safeguards,
  • Institutional review and arrangement of finances,
  • Phasing  of investment
  • Recommendations: Long term, short term and immediate
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Planning Horizon Year

20-30 years, Generally 20 years to coincide with city master plan

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Information required for preparation of Master Plan

The information in (English, Hindi) required is mainly about the existing sewerage system in the city, previous decadal population, topographical map of city, master plan of city etc.

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Determining Geographical Area

Service area shall be the likely urbanisable area in Planning Horizon Year. If master plan of city for next 20 years is available then it may be reviewed and suitably city boundary in next 20 years can be adopted. If master plan is not available then likely spread area is to be determined after taking necessary inputs of relevant agencies

Input Requirement

Data Source


Census Data, city level administration boundaries and wards, Master plan boundaries etc

Census, ULB, Master Plan & NCR Regional Plan, Plans prepared by Line Departments like PHED, UP Jal Nigam

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Preparation of DPR

DPR should be for the works identifed in Phase I in Master Plan. DPR should also include implementation of short term measures proposed in Master Plan. The planning area generally coincides with municipal boundary. The design criteria given for master plan also applies for DPR. For DPR, engineering survey of town & soil/site investigations is essential requirement. In DPR the design & estimates are done much more precisely.


Detailed project report is micro level planning. This is based on detailed engineering topographical survey of the city, engineering investigation of ground, materials, etc. Detailed hydraulic and structural designs, and detail item wise estimates are carried out. This should lead to good quality of bid documentation and implementation of works. Although extent of detailing will depend on method of procurement. The item rate bids need ultimate designs and estimation. Lump sum bids or EPC bids does not require designs to final stage as the contractor undertakes the design work.


JNNURM has issued broad guidelines for preparation of detailed project reports tool for preparation.


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Bench Marking Performance Evaluation

Urban local bodies provide a wide range of basic urban services to larger population by using a large amount of resources. Towards understanding and managing the growth of cities including the services they provide, developing Urban Indicator system has become a tool for overall Urban Management. Urban Indicators help in accessing the performance (utilities and finances) of urban local bodies (ULBs), facilitate urban policy makers for appropriate interventions and monitor the impacts of interventions and policies. A PMS (performance measurement system) provides them with a tool for monitoring the inputs and outputs associated with each service, evaluating the performance levels and taking corrective actions to improve performance. It also serves as a tool for strategic decision-making and long-range planning. Comparative Performance Assessment (CPA) across the ULBs (Rating of ULBs) based on urban indicators has become effective decision-making tool for disbursement of funds and making cities competitive to upgrade urban environment.

The Ministry of Urban Development has taken the initiative of bringing out a Handbook of Service Level Benchmarks. Hindi version of the Hand Book in short can be referred. To assess performance as per MOUD hand book, Information in the format is required.

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