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Solid waste is defined as discarded solid fractions arising from domestic, trade, commercial, agricultural, industrial, medical, institutional, public services etc. The term waste refers to useless, unwanted or discarded material. This material is very heterogeneous in nature and its characteristics vary from place to place and season to season

Common Sources of Municipal Solid Waste

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Need for Master Plan ?

  • To conceive, design, develop and implement for improvement of Solid Waste management system of the city on a long term basis in an organized manner, a document is required.
  • This document will help in assessing the long term requirements both in physical and financial terms and shall act as a vision document for all future activities related to SWM sector.
  • To ensure compliance of MSW (M&H) Rules,2000.
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What is Master plan ?

A comprehensive document keeping in view of the long term requirement of the town. It contains :
  • Existing infrastructure available
  • Gaps and issues
  • Project service demands and targets to be achieved
  • Plan system
  • Various interventions and subprojects
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Stages of Master Plan Preparation

  • Define the project area
  • Review of existing situation
  • Service delivery norms
  • Identification of deficiency areas
  • Estimation of demand
  • Preparation of plan
  • Cost estimation
  • O&M plan
  • Institutional reorganization and capacity building
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Information required for preparation of Master Plan

The information in (English, Hindi) required is mainly about the existing solid waste management system in the city, previous decadal population, topographical map of city, master plan of city etc.
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Preparation of DPR

DPR should be for the works identifed in Phase I in Master Plan. DPR should also include implementation of short term measures proposed in Master Plan. The planning area generally coincides with municipal boundary. The design criteria given for master plan also applies for DPR. For DPR, engineering survey of town & soil/site investigations is essential requirement. In DPR the design & estimates are done much more precisely.

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Bench Marking Performance Evaluation

Urban local bodies provide a wide range of basic urban services to larger population by using a large amount of resources. Towards understanding and managing the growth of cities including the services they provide, developing Urban Indicator system has become a tool for overall Urban Management. Urban Indicators help in accessing the performance (utilities and finances) of urban local bodies (ULBs), facilitate urban policy makers for appropriate interventions and monitor the impacts of interventions and policies. A PMS (performance measurement system) provides them with a tool for monitoring the inputs and outputs associated with each service, evaluating the performance levels and taking corrective actions to improve performance. It also serves as a tool for strategic decision-making and long-range planning. Comparative Performance Assessment (CPA) across the ULBs (Rating of ULBs) based on urban indicators has become effective decision-making tool for disbursement of funds and making cities competitive to upgrade urban environment.


The Ministry of Urban Development has taken the initiative of bringing out a Handbook of Service Level Benchmarks. Hindi version of the Hand Book in short can be referred. To assess performance as per MOUD hand book, Information in the format is required.

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