Master plan is a long term planning, generally for 20 years. It is also a comprehensive planning for service area as per likely spread of city in next 20 years. It describes all works required in next 20 years in phased manner. The designs and estimates are prepared approximately. It finalizes some of the main parameters so that advance action can be taken. The detailed project report (DPR) is then prepared for phase 1 works. At present the general practice is to prepare master plan for urban towns, however these master plans address town planning aspects including land use but does not include Infrastructure master plan for each sector. As such separate master plan for each sector is required. Master Plan should be updated say every 5 years.
Master plan for Drainage should address,
- Comprehensive description of existing storm drain system
- Updating the Town Base Map to show locations of public storm drains and facilities
- Analyzing rainfall data collected over a period (as available at least 10 years), including development of intensity duration frequency (IDF) curves for different storm frequency periods
- Critical evaluation of the storm drainage and channel systems in order to identify existing and future deficiencies
- Evaluating deficiencies in the existing storm drainage maintenance program including recommendations for improvement of existing drainage infrastructure to meet future requirements
- Recommending appropriate O & M practices
- Approximate costs,
- Project feasible on social, environmental, financial, economical safeguards,
- Institutional review and arrangement of finances,
- Recommendations and prerequisites etc.
Service area shall be the likely urbanisable area in Planning Horizon Year. If master plan of city for next 20 years is available then it may be reviewed and suitably city boundary in next 20 years can be adopted. If master plan is not available then likely spread area is to be determined after taking necessary inputs of relevant agencies .
DPR should be for the works identifed in Phase I in Master Plan. DPR should also include implementation of short term measures proposed in Master Plan. The planning area generally coincides with municipal boundary. The design criteria given for master plan also applies for DPR. For DPR, engineering survey of town & soil/site investigations is essential requirement. In DPR the design & estimates are done much more precisely.
Urban local bodies provide a wide range of basic urban services to larger population by using a large amount of resources. Towards understanding and managing the growth of cities including the services they provide, developing Urban Indicator system has become a tool for overall Urban Management. Urban Indicators help in accessing the performance (utilities and finances) of urban local bodies (ULBs), facilitate urban policy makers for appropriate interventions and monitor the impacts of interventions and policies. A PMS (performance measurement system) provides them with a tool for monitoring the inputs and outputs associated with each service, evaluating the performance levels and taking corrective actions to improve performance. It also serves as a tool for strategic decision-making and long-range planning. Comparative Performance Assessment (CPA) across the ULBs (Rating of ULBs) based on urban indicators has become effective decision-making tool for disbursement of funds and making cities competitive to upgrade urban environment.
The Ministry of Urban Development has taken the initiative of bringing out a Handbook of Service Level Benchmarks. Hindi version of the Hand Book in short can be referred. To assess performance as per MOUD hand book, Information in the format is required.