|Solid Waste Management Sector in The National Capital Region
Solid Waste Management (SWM) is one of the most expensive municipal services that
a local body has to provide as its obligatory municipal function and absorbs about
1% of GNP in the urban areas. About three to six persons per 1000 population are
required to cater to this important civic amenity, which is about 1% to 2% of the
total National Work Force. It is, therefore, imperative to optimize this huge civic
expenditure and evolve an indigenous low cost technology which is technically sound,
financially viable, aesthetically beautiful and socially acceptable to public.
Existing Situation and Issues
Regional Plan-2001 proposed that solid waste disposal and management should be planned
for a minimum period of 20 years and at least controlled tipping should be adopted
in the disposal of the solid waste. Areas should be identified in all the towns
for sanitary landfill and, all the towns above one lakh population should have arrangements
to properly manage the waste disposal.
In the review of Regional Plan-2001 it was observed that large quantities of solid
waste (garbage) were generated daily, out of which very little was collected. NCT-Delhi,
however had comparatively better collection (70% of the waste) than rest of NCR
towns. Most landfill sites are brimming to the full and vacant sites for landfill
are not available in Delhi. No specific sites have been identified in any SubČregions
for disposal of solid wastes and landfill.
Studies have revealed that none of the towns in the region are disposing off solid
waste in environmental friendly manner. The landfill sites are not lined to protect
the ground water from leachate percolating into it. No other disposal system has
been adopted by the local bodies. The status of availability of solid waste management
facilities in some of the towns of NCR in the year 2000 is at Annexure 9/III in
the RP 2021 document.
Some of the major issues in this sector include
As per estimates, at present 13,499 MT/day of garbage was being generated in the
year 2001 in the region, of which about 1,540 MT/day was being generated from Haryana
Sub-region, 201 MT/day was being generated from Rajasthan Sub-region and 2,270 MT/day
was being generated from U.P. Sub-region and remaining from the NCT-Delhi Sub-region.
Total garbage generation in the region is likely to be about 27,236 MT/day by the
year 2021 and handling of this kind of waste will need special efforts and funds.
Since land is a resource, the disposal methodologies for solid waste cannot remain
only sanitary landfill. We have to examine other environmental friendly and financially
viable options also.
Policies and Proposals
- Lack of Knowledge of the Local Bodies.
- Non-availability of suitable Land for Solid Waste Disposal in Environmental Friendly
- Lack of Public Awareness.
- Non-Availability of Funds
- Piecemeal Approach for Handling of Solid Waste
In order to improve the overall situation in the National Capital Region for the
harmonized and balanced development for the perspective 2021, following policies
and strategies are proposed:
Preparation of Detailed Solid Waste Management Plan
All the towns in NCR should prepare Solid Waste Management Plan in order to handle
the waste being generated in their respective towns on the basis of guidelines provided
by the CPHEEO Manual for the solid waste management.
Norms and Standards
Norms and standards provided in the CPHEEO Manual for solid waste management which
provides guidelines for collection, transfer, transport and disposal of solid waste
in environmental friendly manner should be followed.
Identification of Land for Treatment/Disposal of Waste
While preparing the Master/Development Plan for various towns/cities, Town Planning
Department of respective Sub-regions should earmark the land for treatment/disposal
of solid waste. The acquisition of these sites, by the development authorities and
municipalities, should form a compulsory element of the development programme and
properly budgeted for in their Plan documents.
Waste Minimization-Recycling/Recovery of Resources
Sanitary landfill sites should be designed and engineered properly to collect and
treat leachate and biogas should be collected and utilized in a planned manner.
Constituents States of NCR should also earmark land for solid waste disposal by
sanitary landfill and other means appropriately.
In view of the limited availability of land for use as landfill sites, there is
an urgent need to find other mechanical means of minimizing waste requiring disposal.
In fact, RP 2021 suggests that zero waste output should be aimed.
Public Awareness and Training
Public awareness need to be created through mass media including T.V. and newspapers
regarding the harmful affects of littering around and how the places can be kept
clean. The informal training along with broad-based formal awareness through schools
educational curriculum is also recommended. NGO's and Resident Welfare Association
(RWA) should be actively involved in the public awareness campaign.
Institutional capacity building measures are required to be taken in order to improve
the efficiency and effectiveness of solid waste management at each stage such as
waste collection, transfer/transportation, treatment and disposal. There is a need
to associate NGOs/private sector also in this regard. The combination of private
sector and public sector in proportionate ratios will be the right option. In the
rural areas, there is no mechanism for collection and disposal of solid waste. This
should be developed by associating local Panchayats.
Other suggested measures, which are required to be taken, are as follows:
- Adoption of closed bins and covered transportation vehicles.
- Modification of building bye-laws to ensure provisions of refuse storage.
- Safe and separate storage as well as doorstep collection of biomedical waste, hotel
and yard waste etc. on full cost recovery basis.
- Community participation
For more information on Solid Waste Management Sector in the NCR, please refer to
Regional Plan Document on Solid Waste Management Sector
Regional Plan Action Plan on Solid Waste Management Sector
For perusing relevant ministry websites, please click http://www.nswai.com/