Power Sector in The National Capital Region
Power is an important aspect of the physical infrastructure that requires planning
in advance, development and management for improved quality of life, productivity
and economic activities.
The status of power supply in the National Capital Region has not kept pace with
the increasing population and the growth of economic activities such as industries,
trade, commerce, offices etc. There is an overall shortage of power in the Northern
Grid, from where the region draws its power and hence, power cuts have become a
routine affair, disturbing daily life as well as affecting economic productivity.
The situation is even worse in the rural areas where the quantity and quality of
power supply is very poor. Although augmentation of generating capacities of power
and improvement in transmission and distribution system is a gigantic task requiring
substantial resources, yet it is essentially required to be taken up for the balanced
and harmonized development of the region.
It was proposed in the Regional Plan-2001 for an uninterrupted supply of power in
adequate quantity and quality and priority in making additional power available
to NCR. As part of the Functional Plan in NCR, various strategies were suggested
for adequate supply of power for various industrial, economic and business activities
in the Priority Towns, which may be at least at par, if not better than Delhi Metropolis.
In the review of Regional Plan-2001, it was observed that one of the major constraints
in the process of planned development and growth of economic activities in the National
Capital Region was inadequate availability of electric power. The power supply deficit
within the NCR States at the end of the 8th Plan (1996-1997) was 31.1% in NCT-Delhi,
50% in Haryana, 49.6% in Rajasthan and 37.7% in U.P.
POLICIES AND PROPOSALS
In order to improve the overall power situation in the National Capital Region for
the perspective year 2021 for the harmonized and balanced development of the region,
following strategies and policies have been proposed:
Future Demand and Augmentation of Power
There is need to plan for generating/obtaining additional power of 23,345 MW required
for the region by the year 2021 and recommendations for the same are as follows:
- Allocation of power from the new Central sector/mega-projects should be made by
the Ministry of Power.
- Ministry of Power should consider allocation of power from the 15% unallocated quota
from the central sector projects.
- State Governments should allocate power to their Sub-region from their new state
- State Governments should ensure the allocated quota to their respective Sub-regions
from the present allocation/generation of power.
- State Governments should enter Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the power
generation companies in order to ensure requisite allocation of power to the Sub-region
simultaneously and expeditiously.
- A dedicated power generation plant for the region should be provided in a phased
manner in order to meet the gap if any, after obtaining power from the sources referred
- Efficient and clean technology based power plants should be encouraged/adopted to
meet the growing power demand in order to reduce the levels of the greenhouse gases
Modern techniques for Load Management must be adopted to flatten the load curve
and reduce the peak demand in the system to a manageable proportion, vis-à-vis the
availability in the grid, through a control room by starting ripple generators,
so that breakdown of generation is minimized. This will save investment on additional
generation of power for peak demand. Similarly, street lighting on national highways/state
highways within NCR can have centrally controlled system through operation of ripple
generator. Energy efficient housing should be promoted and the concept of 66 KV
underground cable ring main system should be planned and executed in new townships
to provide uninterrupted power supply.
It is also proposed that an Islanding Scheme for NCR as second level of Island after
NDMC/Delhi will be prepared by CEA and the State power utilities concerned after
revisiting the scheme which will be implemented by the concerned power utility companies
for better load management.
Improvement in Transmission and Distribution
Transmission and distribution system in the region should be improved keeping in
view the increased demand of power by properly designing the L.T. distribution system
viz., service line and service mains by providing transformers with adequate capacities,
electronic meters, LT/HT breakers conforming to IE rules & specifications and by
promoting communications (automation) in power supply system.
State Governments will also carry out periodic audit for identification of technical
and commercial losses which will help in improving the transmission and distribution
system on a regular basis.
Sub-group within Northern Region Electricity Board
Sub-group within Northern Region Electricity Board should be created for NCR by
the Ministry of Power to oversee the power supply and periodically discuss the power
issues in NCR and make recommendations regarding quality and reliability of power
supply in the region.
Sectoral Plans for Power
Concerned State Governments will prepare Sectoral Plans for power and incorporate/integrate
them in their respective Sub-regional Plans in order to improve the quality of power
Promotion for Non-Conventional Energy Resources
Emphasis should be given for promoting non-conventional energy resources such as
solar energy plants on roof top etc. in big hotels, institutions, commercial buildings,
group housing etc., to meet a part of the power demand.
Keeping in view the huge investment required, which amounts to approximately Rs.
93,380 crores for the power generation and Rs. 58,000 crores for transmission and
distribution till 2021, there is need to promote public-private partnership. Commercial
approach and simplified procedures for the release of new connections, upgradation
of demand load etc. should be adopted by these companies.
Review of Policies and Strategies for Power
In view of the reforms at the national level and technological advancements that
are taking place, the review of the Power Sector strategies and policies for NCR
should be done at least every five years.
For more information on Power Sector in the NCR, please refer to documents below:
Regional Plan Document on Power Sector
Regional Plan Action Plan on Power Sector
For perusing relevant ministry websites, please click http://www.powermin.nic.in/